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Peer Reviewed Articles
For up-to-date citations please check here
Lab Members underlined; * - Corresponding author


S. Zeng*, J. LiT.C. Wanger*. Agroecology, Technology, and Stakeholder Awareness: implementing the UN Food Systems Summit call for action. iScience (accepted).

X. He*, P. Batáry, Y. Zou, W. Zhou, G. Wang, Z. Liu, Y. Bai, S. Gong, Z. Zhu, J. Settele, Z. Zhang, Z. Qi, Z. Peng, M. Ma, J. Lv, H. Cen, T.C. Wanger*. Agricultural diversification promotes sustainability and resilience in global rice production. Nature Food (accepted).

M. Toledo-Hernández*, T. Tscharntke, T.C. Giannini, M. Solé, T.C. Wanger*. Hand pollination under shade trees triples cocoa yield in Brazil’s agroforests. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2023, 355, 108612.

S. Zeng*, F. Chen, G.J. Liu, E. Raveloaritiana, T.C. Wanger*. Fallow priority areas for spatial trade-offs between cost and efficiency in China. Communications Earth & Environment, 2023, 4 (1), 183.

T.C. Wanger*, B. W. Brook, T. A. Evans, T. Tscharntke*. Pesticides reduce tropical amphibian and reptile diversity in agricultural landscapes in Indonesia. PeerJ, 2023, 11, e15046.

K.F. A. Darras*, N. Pérez*, - Mauladi, D. Liu, T. Hanf-Dressler, M. Markolf, T.C. Wanger*. ecoSound-web: an open-source, online platform for ecoacoustics. F1000Research, 2023.


C. Zaccari, R. De Vivo*, L. Pawera, C. Termote, D. Hunter, T. Borelli, C. J Kettle, B. Maas, I. Novotny, T.C. Wanger, E. Dulloo, C. Fadda, E. Gee. Lessons learned from the Second International Agrobiodiversity Congress: Adopting agricultural biodiversity as a catalyst for transformative global food systems. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health, 2022, 31, 100411.

S. Jing*, Y. Huang, Y. Chen, X. He, Z. Chen, X. Lu, M. Wu, T.C. Wanger*. Non-Destructive Extraction and Separation of Nano- and Microplastics from Environmental Samples by Density Gradient Ultracentrifugation. Analytical Chemistry, 2022, 94 (44), 15280-15287.

X. He*, W. Weisser, Y. Zou, S. Fan, T. Crowther, T.C. Wanger*. Integrating agricultural diversification in China’s major policies. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2022, 37 (10), 819-822.

T. Tscharntke*, I. Grass, T.C. Wanger*, C. Westphal, P. Batáry. Prioritise the most effective measures for biodiversity-friendly agriculture. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2022, 37(5), 397-398.

T. Tscharntke*, I. Grass, T.C. Wanger*, C. Westphal, P. Batáry. Spatiotemporal land-use diversification for biodiversity. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2022, 37 (9), 734-735.

K.A.G. Wyckhuys*, Y. Zou, T.C. Wanger, W. Zhou, Y. Dhoj Gc, Y. Lu. Agro-ecology science relates to economic development but not global pesticide pollution. Journal of Environmental Management, 2022, 307, 114529.

T. Tscharntke*, I. Grass, T.C. Wanger*, C. Westphal, P. Batáry. Restoring biodiversity needs more than reducing pesticides: a reply to Bruehl et al.. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2022, 37 (2),115-116.


L. Wan, W. Zhou, Y. He, T.C. Wanger*,JS, H. Cen*,JS. Combining transfer learning and hyperspectral reflectance analysis to assess leaf nitrogen concentration across different plant species datasets. Remote Sensing of Environment, 2021, 269, 112826.

K.F.A. Darras*, E. Yusti, J.C.C. Huang, D.C. Zemp, A.P. Kartono, T.C. Wanger*. Bat point counts: a novel bat sampling method shines light on flying bat communities. Ecology and Evolution, 2021, 11, 17179-17190.

M. Toledo-Hernández*, T.A. Lander, C. Bao, K. Xie, A. Atta-Boateng, T.C. Wanger*. Genome-edited tree crops: mind the socioeconomic implementation gap. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2021, 36, 972-975.

T. Tscharntke*, I. Grass, T.C. Wanger*, C. Westphal, P. Batáry. Beyond organic farming–harnessing biodiversity-friendly landscapes. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2021, 36 (10), 919-930.

S. van Houdt, R. Brown, T.C. Wanger, W. Twine, R. Fynn, K. Uiseb, R. Cooney, L. Traill*. Divergent views on trophy hunting in Africa, and what this may mean for research and policy. Conservation Letters, 2021, 14 (6), 1-8.

M. Toledo-Hernández*, T. Tscharntke, A. Tjoa, B. Cyio, A. Ashary, T.C. Wanger*. Landscape and farm-level management for conservation of potential pollinators in Indonesian cocoa agroforests. Biological Conservation, 2021, 257, 109106.

T.C. Wanger*, F. Dennig, M. Toledo-Hernández, T. Tscharntke, E.F. Lambin. Cocoa pollination, biodiversity-friendly production, and the global market. arXiv (preprint), 2021, 211202877.


G. Tamburini*, R. Bommarco, T.C. Wanger, C. Kremen, M. Heijden, M. Liebman, S. Hallin. Agricultural diversification supports multiple ecosystem services without compromising yields. Science Advances, 2020, 6 (45), eaba 1715.

T.C. Wanger*, F. DeClerck, L.A. Garibaldi, J. Ghazoul, D. Kleijn, A.M. Klein, C. Kremen, H. Mooney, I. Perfecto, L. Powell, J. Settele, M. Solé, T. Tscharntke, W. Weisser, and 352 signatories. Integrating Agroecological Production in a robust post-2020 Biodiversity Framework. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 2020, 4, 1150–1152.

M. Toledo-Hernández*, T. Tscharntke, A. Tjoa, B. Cyio, A. Ashary, T.C. Wanger*. Hand pollination, not pesticides or fertilizers increase cocoa yields and farmers income. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 2020, 304, 107160.  

T.C. Wanger*, N. Ainun, B.W. Brook, D.A. Friess, R.R.Y. Oh, A. Rusdin, S. Smithers, A. Tjoa. Ecosystem-based tsunami mitigation for tropical biodiversity hotspots. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 2020, 35 (2), 96-100.  


(Papers below this point were published before the lab was established)

T.C. Wanger*, T. Tscharntke, K. Uiseb, L. Traill. Trophy hunting needs and African-centred, solution-based discussion. Science eLetter, 2019.

L. Kehoe*, et al. T.C. Wanger, et al. T. Kümmerle. Make EU Trade with Brazil Sustainable. Science, 2019, 364 (6438), 341.  

T.C. Wanger*. Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 2019, 94 (1), 108.


T.C. Wanger*, P. Frohn. Testing the Efficient Network TRaining (ENTR) Hypothesis: reducing training image size makes Convolutional Neural Network training for image recognition tasks more efficient. arXiv (preprint), 2018.

T.C. Wanger*, D. Hölscher, E. Veldkamp, T. Tscharntke. Cocoa Production: Monocultures are not the solution to climate adaptation. Global Change Biology, 2018, 24, 561-562.


M. Toledo-Hernández*, T.C. Wanger, T. Tscharntke. Neglected pollinators: Can enhanced pollination services improve cocoa yields? A review. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 2017, 247, 137-148.

T.C. Wanger*,JF, L. TraillJF, R. Cooney, J.R. Rhodes, T. Tscharntke. Trophy hunting certification. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 2017, 1 (12), 1791-1793.


T. Tscharntke*, D. Karp, R. Chaplin-Kramer, P. Batáry, F. DeClerck, C. Grattone, L. Hunt, A. Ives, M. Jonsson, A. Larseni, E.A. Martin, A. Martinez-Salinask, T. Meehani, M. O'Rourkem, K. Poveda, J. Rosenheim, A. Rusch, N. Schellhorn, T.C. Wanger, S. Wratten, W. Zhangs. When natural habitat fails to enhance biological pest control - Five Hypotheses. Biological Conservation, 2016, 204 (B), 449-458.

I. Motzke*, A.M. Klein, S. Shahabuddin, T.C. Wanger, T. Tscharntke. Habitat management on multiple spatial scales can enhance bee pollination and crop yield in tropical homegardens. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 2016, 223, 144-151.



I. Motzke*, T. Tscharntke, T.C. Wanger, A.M. Klein. Pollination mitigates cucumber yield gaps more than pesticides and fertilizer use in tropical smallholder gardens. Journal of Applied Ecology, 2015, 52 (1), 261-269.


T.C. Wanger*, T. Tscharntke, G. Schroth, A. Klein. Cocoa shortfall: Pollination curbs climate risk to cocoa. Nature, 2014, 511, 155.

T.C. Wanger*, K.A.F. Darras, S. Bumrungsri, A. Klein, T. Tscharntke. Bat pest control contributes to food security in Thailand. Biological Conservation, 2014, 171, 220-223.


L.A. Garibaldi*, I. Steffan-Dewenter, R. Winfree, M. Aizen, R. Bommarco, S. Cunningham, C. Kremen, L. Carvalheiro, L. Harder, O. Afik, I. Bartomeus, F. Benjamin, V. Boreux, D. Cariveau, N. Chacoff, J. Dudenhöffer, B. Freitas, J. Ghazoul, S. Greenleaf, J. Hipólito, A. Holzschuh, B. Howlett, R. Isaacs, S. Javorek, C. Kennedy, K. Krewenka, S. Krishnan, Y. Mandelik, M. Mayfiel, I. Motzke, T. Munyuli, B. Nault, M. Otieno, J. Petersen, G. Pisanty, S. Potts, R. Rader, T. Ricketts, M. Rundlöf, C. Seymour, C. Schüepp, H. Szentgyörgyi, H. Taki, T. Tscharntke, C. Vergara, B. Viana, T.C. Wanger, C. Westphal, N. Williams, A. Klein. Wild pollinators enhance fruit set of crops worldwide regardless of honey bee abundance. Science, 2013, 339, 1608-1611.

I. Motzke*, T. Tscharntke, N.S. Sodhi, A.M. Klein, T.C. Wanger. Ant seed predation, pesticide applications and farmers’ income from tropical multi-cropping gardens. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 2013, 15, 245-254.

L. Traill*, T.C. Wanger, S. de Little, B.W. Brook. Rainfall and temperature (variation) does not explain arid species diversity in outback South Australia. Research and Reports in Biodiversity Studies, 2013, 3, 1-8.


T. Tscharntke*, C. Clough, L. Jackson, I. Motzke, I. Perfecto, J. Vandermeer, T.C. Wanger, A. Whitbread. Global food security, biodiversity conservation and the future of agricultural intensification. Biological Conservation, 2012, 151, 53-59.

I. Motzke*, T.C. Wanger, E. Zanre, T. Tscharntke, J. Barkmann. Socio-economic context of biodiversity use along a town-forest gradient in Cambodia. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 2012, 30 (25), 29-45. 

L .Traill*, T.C. Wanger, D. Kidd. Large, particular bovids may require localised conservation effort to prevent extinction. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 2012, 60, 111-116.

E. Kudavidanage*, T.C. Wanger, C. de Alwis, S. Sanjeewa, S. Kotagama. Amphibian and butterfly diversity across a tropical land-use gradient in Sri Lanka; implications for conservation decision making. Animal Conservation, 2012, 15 (3), 253-265.

B. Harris*, J.L. Reid, B.R. Scheffers, T.C. Wanger, et al. Conserving imperiled species: a comparison of the IUCN Red List and US Endangered Species Act. Conservation Letters, 2012, 5 (1), 64-72.


J. Fischer*, P. Batáry, K.S. Bawa, L. Brussaard, M.J. Chappell, Y. Clough, G.C. Daily, J. Dorrough, T. Hartel, L.E. Jackson, A.M. Klein, C. Kremen, T. Kuemmerle, D.B. Lindenmayer, H.A. Mooney, I. Perfecto, S.M. Philpott, T. Tscharntke, J. Vandermeer, T.C. Wanger, H. Wehrden. Conservation: limits of land sparing. Science, 2011, 334 (6056), 593.

Y. Clough*, J. Barkmann, J. Juhrbandt, M. Kessler, T.C. Wanger, et al. Combining high biodiversity with high yields in tropical agroforests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science – USA, 2011, 108 (20), 8311-8316.

T.C. Wanger*. The Lithium future – resources, recycling, and the environment. Conservation Letters, 2011, 4 (3), 202-206.


B. Scheffers*, T.C. Wanger. Plastic: matching material with usage. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2011, 9 (3), 151-152.

T. Tscharntke*, Y. Clough, S. Bhagwat, D. Buchori, H. Faust, D. Hertel, D. Hölscher, J. Juhrbandt, M. Kessler, I. Perfecto, C. Scherber, G. Schroth, E. Veldkamp, T.C. Wanger. Multifunctional shade-tree management in tropical agroforestry landscapes – a review. Journal of Applied Ecology, 2011, 48 (3), 619-629.

T.C. Wanger*, A.C. Wielgoss, I. Motzke, Y. Clough, B.W. Brook, N.S. Sodhi, T. Tscharntke. Endemic predators, invasive prey, and native diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – B: Biological Sciences, 2011, 278 (1706), 690-694.

T.C. Wanger*, I. Motzke, S. Shahabuddin, D.T. Iskandar. The amphibians and reptiles of Lore Lindu National Park area, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Salamandra, 2011, 47 (1), 17-29.



T.C. Wanger*, A. Rauf, S. Schwarze. Pesticides and tropical biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2010, 8 (4), 178-179.

T.C. Wanger*, D.T. Iskandar, I. Motzke, B.W. Brook, N.S. Sodhi, Y. Clough, T. Tscharntke. Effects of land-use change on community composition of tropical amphibians and reptiles in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Conservation Biology, 2010, 24 (3), 795-802.

N.S. Sodhi*, L.P. Koh, R. Clements, T.C. Wanger, J.K. Hill, K.C. Hamer, Y. Clough, T. Tscharntke, M.R.C. Posa, T.M. Lee. Conserving Southeast Asian forest biodiversity in human-modified landscapes. Invited MS for Special Issue in Biological Conservation, 2010, 143 (10), 2375-2384.


T.C. Wanger*, A. Saro, D.T. Iskandar, B.W. Brook, N.S. Sodhi, Y. Clough, T. Tscharntke. Conservation value of cacao agroforestry for amphibians and reptiles in Southeast Asia: combining correlative models with follow-up field experiments. Journal of Applied Ecology, 2009, 46 (4), 823-832.

T.C. Wanger*, I. Motzke, S.C. Furrer, B.W. Brook, B. Gruber. How to monitor elusive lizards: comparison of capture-recapture methods on giant day geckos (Gekkonidae, Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis) in the Masoala rainforest exhibit, Zurich Zoo. Ecological Research, 2009, 24, 345-353.

T.C. Wanger*, I. Motzke, S.C. Furrer, B. Gruber. Movement patterns and habitat selection of the giant day gecko (Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis) in the Masoala rainforest exhibit, Zurich Zoo. Salamandra, 2009, 45 (3), 147-153.


M. Olsson*, M. Wilson, T. Uller, B. Mott, C. Isaksson, M. Healey, T.C. Wanger. Free radicals run in lizard families. Biology Letters, 2008,  4 (2), 186-188.


T.U. Grafe*, T.C. Wanger. Multimodal signaling in male and female foot-flagging frogs Staurois guttatus (Ranidae): an alerting function of calling. Ethology, 2007, 113 (8), 772-781.

T.C. Wanger*. The amphibians of Kiang West National Park, The Gambia. Salamandra, 2005, 41(1/2), 27-33.

UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Biovision Foundation, Agroecology Coalition. Beyond the farm: Exploring the synergies between agroecology and conservation communities. Agroecology Dialogue Series: Outcome brief no. 2, 2022, 14 pages.

M.M.H. Wang*, E. Warren-Thomas*, T.C. Wanger*. Rubber Agroforestry: Feasibility at Scale. Mighty Earth Report, 2021, 130 pages.

Policy Reports


M. Balle*, K.A.F. Darras, T.C. Wanger*. Compact power management system for embedded low-power devices. CN Patent (In review).

T.C. Wanger*, K.F.A. Darras*. Environmental monitoring device and related modules. CN114544634A, (05/2022).

Book Chapters

Non-Peer Reviewed Articles

T.C. Wanger*, M. Xie*. A western view on Westlake University’s way to reform China’s education system, China im Blickpunkt des 21. Jahrhunderts, 341-354, Springer, 2021.

T. Tscharntke*, P. Batáry, Y. Clough, D. Kleijn, C. Scherber, C. Thies, T.C. Wanger, C. Westphal. Combining biodiversity conservation with agricultural intensification. Land Use Intensification, 7-15, CSIRO, 2012 (Invited book contribution).

N.S. Sodhi*, M.R.C. Posa, K.S.H. Peh, L.P. Koh, M.C.K. Soh, T.M. Lee, J.S.H. Lee, T.C. Wanger, B.W. Brook. Land-use changes imperil Southeast Asian biodiversity. Land Use Intensification, 39-46, CSIRO, 2012 (Invited book contribution).

Y. Clough*, S. Abrahamczyk, M.O. Adams, A. Anshary, N. Ariyanti, L. Betz, D. Buchori, D. Cicuzza, K. Darras, D.D. Putra, B. Fiala, S.R. Gradstein, M. Kessler, A.M. Klein, R. Pitopang, B. Sahari, C.H. Schulze, S. Shahabuddin, S. Sporn, K. Stenchly, S.S. Tjitrosoedirdjo, T.C. Wanger, M. Weist, A. Wielgoss, T. Tscharntke. Biodiversity patterns and trophic interactions in human-dominated tropical landscapes in Sulawesi (Indonesia): plants, arthropods and vertebrates. Environmental Series, 15-71, Springer Verlag, 2010.

TC Wanger, Motzke I, Rödel MO. Zur Entwicklung der Diversität der Herpetofauna des östlichen Landschaftsschutzgebietes Spitzberg bei Tübingen am Neckar. – Jahreshefte Gesellschaft für Naturkundliche Mitteilungen Württemberg 162: 283-294, 2006

TU Grafe, Wanger TC, Dehling JM, Proksch S, Braasch T. Use of individual markings in the study of the foot-flagging frog, Staurois guttatus. Scientia Bruneiana 7, 3-8, 2006

TC Wanger. Bird watching along Badas Road. – Brunei Nature Society 3, 2-3, 2005


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